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Sparkling Wine Making

Sparkling wine production has been around for hundreds of years, and there are many methods for making sparkling wine, from the traditional to the modern. Whichever method you choose, you must have the right wine-making supplies to produce both delicious and effervescent wine.

Here at The Bottle Jar Store, we have a wide range of wine-making supplies for use in sparkling wine production including our CleanSpark, SuperStart, Fresharom, Oenoless, and Powerlees range of adjuvant and inactivated yeast products. Take a look at our selection of sparkling wine-making kits below to find out more.

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Producing Sparkling Wine, the Traditional Way

There are many methods for producing sparkling wine. However, the most common process is the traditional method:

  1. Choose whole clusters of grapes and press them gently and quickly. It is best to choose early grapes as they are higher in acid and lower in sugar.
  2. Pour the mixture into a container and let it ferment to create the base wine.
  3. Blend the base wine with other varieties of base wine, often sourced from nearby vineyards or reserve selections.
  4. Add the blended wine to bottles for the second fermentation and add yeast, nutrients, clarifying agents and sugars. Over time the carbon dioxide within each bottle will begin producing bubbles. The more sugar added, the higher the pressure of the bottle.
  5. Store the bottles horizontally and let them ferment for up to 15 months for non-vintage sparkling wines or at least three years for vintage wines. The bottles must be kept for a minimum period to allow yeast autolysis to take place, creating richer flavours and textures.
  6. Before disgorging, the riddling process needs to take place to remove any sediments. Hold each bottle downwards at a 35-degree angle. At least once a day, the bottles need a slight shake and turn, then placed back at a slightly increased angle. This causes the yeast sediment to flow to the neck of the bottle.
  7. The sediment in the bottle’s neck is frozen and mechanically removed to preserve the rest of the wine. Before being resealed, a small amount of sugar is added to increase the sweetness.

Once you have completed the wine-making process, continue ageing the wine as required. Some prefer the fresh taste of a recently disgorged sparkling wine, while others prefer the rich flavours that result after a year or so of ageing.

Other Methods for Creating Sparkling Wine

While the traditional method is the most common, there are other methods for producing sparkling wine. The transfer method is similar in part to the traditional method but involves transferring the wine to a larger tank after the second fermentation, where it is filtered and then added back into the bottles. There is also the Charmat method in which the wine, sugar and yeast are mixed in a pressure tank, allowing fermentation to occur in a closed system. Additionally, there is the soda method which involves adding carbon dioxide to the wine via a carbonator. These are only a few of the methods for creating sparkling wine, with the traditional method being the most popular.

The Bottle Jar Store

Please get in touch with us online to learn more about our sparkling wine-making supplies selection.